- Teak (Tectona grandis)
- Agarwood (Aquilaria crassna)
- Mahogany & Kaya (African Mahogany)
- Striped Crotolaria - groundcover
The expected high returns of teak logs during harvest depend greatly on timber volume and quality. With tissue culture technique, higher timber volume can be expected as compared to those grown from seeds. The uniformity of "high quality" teak logs can also be achieved throughout the plantation.
Other leading advantages of tissue culture teaks versus teaks grown from seeds are as follow:
- Uniformity: T.C. teaks have uniformity of 80% or more, while teaks grown from seeds have uniformity of 20% or less. High uniformity helps to ease the management of the plantations.
- Excellent form: Mother teak trees used for propagating T.C. teaks have been pre-selected - the trunks are straight and have no branches (self-pruning). The crown is less than 1/3 of the total height. Good forms provide more wood volume at harvest.
- No Germination Process: T.C. teaks do not require germination process. Germination yield is remarkably low when using seeds, and an ideal environment for germination must be created. Germination period typically lasts 15 - 50 days.
The returns from investing in Agarwood Plantations come mainly from the volume and quality of the oleoresin obtained. Using tissue cultured Agarwood Plantlets will help maximize the returns of investment by ensuring high oleoresin volume.
There are many challenges in obtaining oleoresin from Agarwood trees in a plantation. One of them is the fact that there is no way to tell which trees will produce oleoresin. In nature, only less than 8% produce the oleoresin. Another, is the long duration in which oleoresin is produced. Very high quality oleoresin may take many years to obtain. The latter problem has been under research for many years, to induce oleoresin. The results are optimistic.
Tissue cultured Agarwood Plantlets comes from elite mature plants with good form, high oleoresin volume and good quality oleoresin. By using tissue cultured Agarwood plantlets, growers obtain more oleoresin than if they grow from random seeds. The uniform growth with tissue culture plantlets may make the process of inducing oleoresin easier, and volume of oleoresin more predictable.